Men have constantly sought to improve performance with stimulating potions. Doping is the act of injecting or ingesting pharmaceutical products and medicines in the body to increase the performance of an individual.
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Every human being has limitations and « doping» has been there in order to quickly increase their physical, intellectual and especially psycho-motor performance. Doping is the act of injecting or ingesting pharmaceuticals products and medicines in the body to increase the performance of an individual. This act may be the use of natural substances or the consumption of a particular artificial compound. Doping is a popular practice, used when facing a real or perceived obstacle, and to increase the capabilities in fields such as sports, exams, job interviews, public speaking or in professional or social hardship. But what gave birth to doping and how does it work ?
What are the effects, the actions and consequences of doping in the human body?
What are the different types of doping products today?
How will the future of gene doping be, with the advancement of clinical research and advanced on hormones such as Myostatin ?
A little history
Doping is not new of course. Since the beginning of time men are constantly seeking to improve their performance with stimulating potions. This is currently under development by pharmaceutical and medicinal laboratories.
The first doping concepts have been present since antiquity, more precisely 3000 years before our beloved J-C.
Early hominids were designed for direct ingestion, enabling them to increase the mechanical capacity of the organism. Medicinal stimulating plants were known to have anti fatigue properties. This knowledge was documents and passed from civilization to civilization, from generation to generation, about plants such as ephedrine or ephedra being the best for doping use. Sage leaves contained tonic properties for the Greeks and Romans.
At the time, athletes must draw their strength in animals while eating their flesh.
The zenith devoured powerful animal testicles. In the sixth-seventh century before J-C, Greek athletes focused on taking stimulants for performance. Thus, the Greeks had various meats under the terms of sports practice. Goat meat was eaten by jumpers. As for the boxers, bull meat was their ally. And for wrestlers, they ate greasy pork.
At that time, in the African and Native American countries, drug use was very common to increase their physical energy and the mental and sexual performance of each individual. Coca leaves were chewed by South Americans and the Kola nut by Africans. The Kola nut is an effective stimulant against fatigue and stress. The nuts containing stimulant virtues. Its leaves and roots of Iboga gives the strength to resist fatigue.
The experience with the natives of Gabon was positive according to Dr. Albert Schweitzer. As for the coca leaf, it gave the Andean Bolivians and Peruvians, the main energy to walk all day without eating or sleeping and to facilitate breathing in the desert.
Wild boar and deer meat were also stimulants very well-known by the Breton wrestlers from the fifteenth century, Dutch diggers and rugby players.
Nowadays, there are different types of doping for the body, muscles and brain.
Doping by modifying the performance of the body nowadays is varied.
Doping affects different types of sports. Whether women or men, amateur or professional.
The future of doping
According to clinical research, great improvements are being made in various doping substances. Through the development of newly introduced technologies the top athletes are transformed into superior genetically-enhanced athletes.
The gene therapy technique is diverted and exploited today in doping to increase muscle mass of athletes and its maintenance, increasing the production of IGF-1 for example. In addition, these substances injected into the muscles are increasingly undetectable by urinary or blood tests.
Only the removal of a small part of an organ or tissue called biopsy permits to guess the presence of synthetic genes. Gene doping molecules reach and shape the specific tissues of the human body.
The future of doping is a bit worrying. Being elusive, these substances are uncontrollable at the moment.
With the inhibition of myostatin for example we are going to see supermen on the sports field and in the body of rooms.
And clinical research continues to evolve. Products such as tb500 that enables a cellular regeneration are good examples.
Many pharmaceutical companies work around the clock to find new products for gene doping.
Metamorphosing directly genes and human cells as well as their physiological elements. This is the dream of tomorrow.
These genetic doping products will control the physical performance and mental capacity of those who will use them. The race towards new doping advancements and breakthroughs will never end.
The future of doping reassures future collaborations with the pharmaceutical industry to facilitate the exchange of confidential information to develop our athletes of tomorrow.